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Automatic Gun Laws

Automatic Gun Laws

First introduced in the late 1800s, automatic firearms are those that, automatically reload and fire as long as their triggers are pressed down. By comparison, other forms of firearms require multiple trigger pulls to discharge consecutive rounds.
Before getting into the specific laws, one must understand how automatic weapons are defined by Federal and state governments. Various laws have labeled all automatic weapons as “machine guns” and have classified them as-any weapon that is capable of firing fully automatic rounds regardless of weight, ammunition, caliber, or size.
The term “machine gun” is easily confused, because the military definition states that-a machine gun is a heavy weapon which is operated on a support system and fires automatically. Since high-powered weapons like the Gatling gun are not common in everyday society, the governing bodies decided that a broad term such as “machine guns” could encompass all automatic weapons.   
Fully-automatic weapons were first available to purchase in the early 1910s. Crime caused by automatics was never an issue until the prohibition of liquor was passed in 1919. During this time-frame (1919 to where prohibition was repealed in 1933) organized crime was mounting and the use of sub-machine guns (specifically the Tommy gun) was commonplace.
Following the lead of several states who restricted the sale of machine guns, newly appointed President Franklin D. Roosevelt made it a point to place federal restrictions on automatic weapons. FDR campaigned vigorously to regulate the automatics market, famously saying in 1934- “Federal men are constantly facing machine-gun fire in the pursuit of gangsters.”
The result of FDR’s impassioned effort was the creation of the National Firearms Act of 1934. This groundbreaking legislation (which is still active) forces a citizen to go through a comprehensive process before obtaining an automatic weapon. Possession of automatics entail:a minimum $200 tax paid to the IRS, and an approval from the United States Treasury Department.
Unlike an application for a handgun permit, the federal license needed to purchase an automatic weapon involves, stringent background checks, a sworn affidavit detailing “justifiable cause”, and a detailed mental test that shows no signs of threats to society. 
After the initial legislation was passed to restrict automatics, a series of provisions on both the state and Federal level soon followed.

Important laws pertaining to automatic weapons
The Fireman Owners’ Protection Act-banned civilian transfer and possession of machine guns not in circulation before May 19, 1986. Through ATF regulation, manufacturers of machine guns may only sell to federal agencies or qualified license holders.

The following individuals will not be able to acquire or possess automatics
1. anyone convicted of a felony
2. fugitives
3. illegal aliens
4. anyone using or addicted to controlled substances
5. anyone subject to a domestic violence restraining order
6. dishonorably charged veterans
7. anyone committed to a mental institution
8. people who have renounced their U. S. citizenship
9. anyone who has been convicted of misdemeanor crime of domestic violence
10. anyone under the age of 21 years old

State Laws pertaining to automatics
As oppose to handguns, State laws governing automatic weapons are universal. State law defines an automatic weapon as any firearm that can fire more than one projectile by a single depression of a trigger without manual reloading. State law requires an individual to register his automatic weapon with the local Department of Safety within 24 of hours of obtainment. State law forces all manufacturers of machine guns ro maintain a registry which documents all production and sales numbers.
Records must include: model and serial number; date of manufacture, name, address, and occupation of the purchaser and reason for which it was purchased. All of this information, as well as the manufacturer’s stock of automatics must be made readily available for law enforcement inspection. 
The presence of an automatic weapon in a public environment is considered illegal. Using or possessing automatics in an offensive or aggressive manner is punishable by a maximum sentence of 10 years in prison. 

Easy Automatic Guns Overview

Easy Automatic Guns Overview

Types:
An automatic gun is any firearm that will consecutively rounds of ammunition and subsequently reload itself without manual loading or intervention. The automatic weapon comes in a variety of forms including:automatic pistols, automatic shotguns, assault rifles, and machine guns.
The term ‘machine gun’ carries two distinct interpretations, both a civilian and military classification. In military terms a machine gun is a large, ground-based, heavy-caliber weapon that is supported by a tripod or mounted on a vehicle. The military classification of machine gun is belt fed, meant for damaging air crafts or large buildings, and is subdivided into 4 groups. The military machine gun is not pertinent to everyday society.
The assault rifle is the most common form of weapon used by infantry men in the military. Assault rifles have detachable cartridges and possess selective fire, which enables the operator to switch from semi-automatic bursts to a fully automatic firing rate. Examples include M-16s and the G36.
The automatic shotgun uses gas to automatically reload cartridges, and is considered relatively uncommon. The average automatic shotgunuses a 12 gauge cartridge, is fed through an 8 round box magazine or 20-32 round drum magazine, and can fire at a rate of 350 rounds per minute. The automatic pistol is a hand held weapon that is magazine fed and can fire 1000-1200 rounds per minute. These weapons are most commonly used by law enforcement agencies and are extremely difficult to obtain for an average citizen.

Laws:
Automatic weapon as a “machine gun” that is capable of firing fully automatic rounds regardless of power, size, or ammunition. The term “machine gun” is not to be confused with the military definition, and was simply instituted by federal law to encompass all weapons capable of rapid fire. During the early 1920’s automatic weapons became popular, and the carnage they inflicted on society quickly grew uncontrollable. Organized crime members inflicted chaos on the society with the use of such weapons.
Following the lead of various state laws, then President Franklin D. Roosevelt instituted the National Firearms Act of 1934. This legislation which is still active today, forces a prospective automatic weapons buyer to partake in a comprehensive procedure which involves the United States National Treasury Department. Following the institution of the National Firearms Act many state governments adopted additional requirements necessary to obtain and use automatic weapons.

Concerns:
Although fully automatic weapons can fire endless rounds without human intervention, the impact that these guns have had on society are minimal. Violent crime statistics reveal that handguns have been the source of two million more murders via firearms than automatic weapons.
There have been only 2 documented murders via automatic weapons since the weapons were strictly regulates (some instances barred) from use in 1934. With scrupulous enforcement the ability to obtain such weapons is minimal. Handguns have flooded the market through black markets and illegal trade, the same cannot be said for automatic weapons.
There are currently 255,000 licensed automatic firearms in the United States-ownership is though to be split equally down the middle between law enforcement and civilian. This number seems high, but automatic weapons pose such great threats on society that the industry is essentially on lock down.
Thousands of guns are seized annually by the law enforcement agencies throughout the nation, however, only .7% of these firearms are of the automatic variety. Concerns over automatic weapons are minimal because the government has suffocated the market. Like buyers, manufacturers are significantly regulated in terms of production. The greatest risk associated with such powerful weapons is the what if premonition. What kind of carnage would ensue if these guns somehow ended up in the hands of a crazed individual?