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All You Need to Know About Rifles

All You Need to Know About Rifles

 
 
Rifle background
 
 
Rifles are very similar to shotguns, in that they are both fired from the shooters shoulder and have similar accuracy. Rifles can be of any caliber and the purpose of the weapon will likely dictate the caliber of ammunition. For example, hunting may require a low caliber ammunition.
 
 
Sniper rifle
 
 
Sniper rifles are highly accurate, even at great distances. Advancements in technology have allowed the telescopic sights to allow snipers to see great detail from huge distances. The weapons is also able to hit any target that can be seen in the scope.
 
 
Hunting rifles
 
 
Hunting rifles are available with extras, such as telescopic sights. These improvements allow hunters to be a greater distance from the game, while ensuring accuracy when they fire the weapon. However, each state has differing laws as to which type of hunting rifles are permitted in the state.
 
 
Rifles for sale
 
 
Rifles for sale  may be found online, at gun shows, through private dealers and at gun shops. Regardless of where the gun is purchased, both the buyer and the seller must comply with federal and local gun laws. The legality of owning specific types of guns, such as assault riles, can vary from state to state.
 
 
Semi automatic rifles vs. bolt action rifles
 
 
Semi automatic rifles are those which self load ammunition as the operator pulls the trigger. Bold action rifles are often single shot rifles, which require the operator to reload each time a shot is fired. 

Michael Hammond of Gun Owners of America (GOA), Springfield, Virginia

Michael Hammond of Gun Owners of America (GOA), Springfield, Virginia

The pending gun-control legislation that is set to be debated in the Senate this week has as its key provision an expanded background check system. This system would require background checks on people purchasing guns in a wide variety of circumstances.

(More on  News at LAWS.com, contact Adam for interviews “adama@laws.com”)

It was crafted by Sens. Joe Manchin, D-W.Va., Charles Schumer (D-NY), and Patrick Toomey, R-Pa. It has gained some Republican support over the past weekend, notably that of Sen. Susan Collins of Maine. However, this may not be enough to pass this measure, as some Democrats from gun-friendly states are expected to oppose it. Supporters of this measure say that it will help keep guns out of the hands of those who should not have them, such as criminals and the mentally ill. However, opponents of this measure say it does nothing but curtail the Second Amendment and will do nothing from preventing the aforementioned targeted populations from acquiring guns.

Gun Owners of America (GOA) is a gun rights organization which was founded in 1975. It has over 300,000 members, and its main goal is to defend the Second Amendment. It has been called “The only no-compromise gun lobby in Washington,” by Congressman Ron Paul. GOA believes that Americans have lost some of their gun rights, and it seeks to reclaim these rights.

The following is an interview with Michael Hammond of GOA on his views on the pending gun-control legislation set to be debated in the Senate.

How do you feel about the pending gun control legislation?

We think it is a horrible idea! Lanza stole his gun! This bill is not responsive to Newton, Aurora or Tucson; there were background checks in all these places. All it does is exploit a tragedy. Like the Brady Law of 1994, these laws do nothing to stop copycat shootings. They simply serve as a platform for more gun-control laws.

Currently, Republican alternative gun control legislation is in the works, which is supposed to include tougher laws on illegal gun trafficking, straw purchases, and to increase efforts to keep guns out of the hands of the mentally ill and keep schools safe. How do you feel about this alternative?

This is a bill which is being drafted by Senator Chuck Grassley. We have been asked to comment on the Grassley Bill. We had real problems with its negligence clause. We studied it very hard and agreed that the negligence language be taken out.

Do you think that maybe what is truly needed is to simply keep guns out of the hands of those who should not have access to them (e.g. the mentally ill) rather than make it tougher for law-abiding citizens to purchase firearms?

The problem is that beginning with the Clinton administration, the ATF listed a person as mentally defective based on a determination by a psychiatrist with the federal program. Because of that, 150,000 veterans were not able to purchase firearms.

What are some of the accomplishments of the Gun Owners of America in the realm of gun-rights advocacy?

We were the only ones post Columbine who took the position that there should be no gun control of any kind. The National Rifle Association was supporting 90 percent of Clinton’s gun-control legislation. We opposed them and killed a lot of those provisions with the help of House Republican Tom Delay. I drafted the Smith Amendment when Clinton tried to impose a tax on Brady Checks and tried to keep Brady Check records indefinitely… I drafted the Smith Amendment which said you cannot impose tax on Brady checks. That has been carried into law since under the auspices of Senator Smith and congressman Tiarcht. We were also the group that championed the Armed Pilot Legislation, which trains pilots to keep guns in cockpit.

If this legislation does pass, what will be the next step for Gun Owners of America?

We will see what happens. If it passes in the Senate we would kill it in House! If anything the passage of this legislation would be a huge defeat for us and the NRA and others in the gun rights movement. 

Handgun Laws You Should Know

Handgun Laws You Should Know

Handgun laws in the United States, differ in each state. However, there are federal handgun laws which dictate some regulations, such as the required registration of weapons and a gun  licence. In fact, no individual may purchase a gun without the required background check, which must be free of felony convictions, in order for the individual to be allowed to own a handgun.
 
 
In addition to the background check, individuals must submit photos, proof of identification and fingerprints, according to the Federal gun laws. Those individuals must also pay a transfer fee, once they have been approved for gun ownership. That transfer fee is a form of an excise tax which is applied to the manufacture and transfer of guns in the United States. The process of being approved for gun ownership, can take several months and be rather expensive.
 
 
Each state also has unique laws which govern gun ownership. For example, residents in Florida that have been approved for gun ownership, may carry a concealed weapon on their person. Each state,  may allow or forbid weapons, independent of the Federal governments laws. For instance, residents of a state may not be allowed to own a gun that the Federal government allows. Yet, no state can allow ownership of a weapon which has been banned by the Federal government.
 
 
Individuals that wish to own a gun, must be sure that they follow federal and local regulations, before making the purchase. In addition, traveling across state lines with gun may be prohibited.
 

Your Guide to Types Guns

Your Guide to Types GunsGuns come in a myriad of types, including rifles, shotguns and pistols. In addiction to type, guns come in various calibers which is measured as the diameter of the barrel of the gun, as well as the diameter of the ammunition used in that weapon.

Antique guns

Antique guns are often subject to differing laws and regulations, depending on whether of not the guns function. Functioning antique guns hold a higher value than those that do not. However, antique guns that have never been fired hold the highest value of any antique guns.

Caliber

The caliber of a weapon is used to determine the caliber of ammunition which will be fired from a gun. The caliber of ammunition is a measure of the diameter of that ammunition. Different caliber weapons may have a different purpose, as lower calibers may penetrate more effectively, but larger caliber ammunition may cause larger wounds and more extensive damage when fired.

Handgun laws

Handgun laws apply on the federal and state level. However, something allowed by federal law, may be prohibited according to state law. Yet, nothing prohibited by Federal law, may be allowed by state law.

Shotgun

Shotguns are fired while they rest on the shoulder of the operator.  Sawed off shotguns are those which have a barrel of less than eighteen inches. Sawed off shotguns require a special permit from the ATF and are prohibited in some states.

Machine gun

Machine guns may be automatic or semiautomatic. Automatic weapons require the operator to pull the trigger one time and maintain continuous firing. Semi automatic requires that the operator continuously pull the trigger. In both cases the guns have self loading ammunition.

Rifle

Rifles may be automatic or semi automatic. Rifles are fired while the gun rests on the shoulder of the operator. Rifles are generally very accurate weapons which can inflict great injury at long distances. Sniper rifles employ the additional technology of a telescopic sight so that the operator can see their target from much greater distances, while firing accurately.

Silencer

Silencers are used to make the sound of a weapon firing completely undetectable. Silencers reduce the gas that is released from the weapon, as well as the velocity at which the ammunition travels through the weapon, both of which reduce the sound of that weapon being fired.

Illegal guns

illegal guns are contributing to the frequency of crimes, especially violent crimes. There have been many attempts to curb the number of illegal guns that enter the country and so far, few have been effective.

Brady Bill

The Brady bill required that individuals undergo a waiting period before they were able to purchase a gun. In addition, no individual could buy a gun without being subject to an intense background check.

Florida Student Sues University over Campus Gun Ban

Florida Student Sues University over Campus Gun Ban

A student at the University of North Florida has reportedly filed a lawsuit against the University for banning guns that are stored in cars parked on the school’s campus.
The lawsuit, which was filed by student Alexandria Lainez and a Second Amendment group called Florida Carry, states that the school is citing its right to ban guns from being stored in parked vehicles on the campus’ lots, just as a Florida public school district could. 
The University of North Florida; however, falls outside this exemption because it is a state University and not a local school district, according to Lainez’s suit.
According to the university’s guidelines, “possession, storage or use” of firearms are prohibited on campus property or at university-sponsored events. 

Appeals Court Upholds D.C. Gun Restrictions

Appeals Court Upholds D.C. Gun Restrictions

Washington, D.C. can officially bar residents from owning assault weapons and require all owners of handguns to register their firearms, without violating the Second Amendment, a federal appeals court ruled on Tuesday. 
A split three-judge panel of the United States Court of Appeals did not strike down any of Washington D.C.’s gun laws, which were formally approved after a historic 2008 Supreme Court decision that terminated a 32-year-old handgun ban in the nation’s capital. 
The court ruled that the district’s ban on assault weapons and magazines containing over 10 rounds of ammunitions were in fact constitutional. The court also ruled that requiring registration of handguns does not violate the Constitution’s Second Amendment.

Shooting Caught on Camera

Shooting Caught on Camera

A New predicament faces Oakland’s finest: Should police officers be allowed to view tape (recorded first-hand) of an officer-involved shooting before they file statements in a formal investigation?
The Oakland Bay Police Department is currently debating this question after officers shot and killed a suspect last week that was caught on tape. 
Oakland Police Officers began wearing cameras on their chests to definitively catch criminals in the act. This revolutionary means is a full-proof way to avoid lengthy court battles and the opportunity costs that arise from litigation. The cameras are tiny and covered by a protective sleeve.
On September 25th, two Oakland officers pulled over a car in East Oakland. When the cops approached the vehicle, the passengers fled on foot. The officers caught up to one of the individuals and claimed the suspect threatened them, leading an officer to shoot and kill the individual. 
The officer who killed the suspect had his chest camera rolling. Oakland Police allows officers to view footage only before making statements. 
Civil rights activists believe that videotaping can be helpful, but observing the footage before issuing statements could taint an officer’s account of the situation. 
The shooting remains under investigation and the video is not being released at this juncture. 

Guns Save Life and the Debate on Gun Rights

Guns Save Life and the Debate on Gun Rights

Earlier this month, a legislation offering expanded background checks on gun purchases was blocked in the Senate. The legislation, which set to expand background checks to cover gun purchases made online and gun-show purchases, did not receive the 60 votes needed to make it through the Senate. Instead, it was only able to get the support of 54 senators, with 46 voting against it. A measure to ban military style assault rifles was also blocked.

(More on  News at LAWS.com, contact Adam for interviews “adama@laws.com”)

The expanded background check amendment was the result of an effort by Democratic Senator Joe Manchin of West Virginia and Republican Senator Pat Toomey of Pennsylvania. President Obama's had hoped that it offered the compromise needed to pass gun-control legislation after the Newton massacre, which saw 20 children and six educators killed by Adam Lanza at Sandy Hook Elementary school in Connecticut. Four Senate Democrats from traditionally gun-friendly states and most Senate Republicans voted against the measure.

The debate over gun control and gun rights is certainly contentious and elicits an emotional response from either side of the aisle. Opponents of the Manchin-Toomey amendment have emphasised that it infringed upon the right to bear arms and would do little to keep guns away from criminals or the mentally ill.

Guns Save Life is a civil rights organization that operates regionally and one that aims to educate the public about firearm ownership and its benefits. It started out in 1995 as a grassroots committee of the Illinois State Rifle Association, and has since grown to become an independent non-profit organization that represents the interests of gun owners in Indiana, Illinois and beyond. Guns Save Life engages in grassroots activism to defend and promote the civil right of self defense and firearm rights.

The following is an interview with John Naese of Guns Save Life, on his views on the failure of the gun-control to pass and the work of his organization to safeguard gun ownership rights.

1. How do you feel about the failure of the gun-control legislation to pass?

Legislation proposed "in response" to a particular horrific crime generally does more harm than good.  There are plenty of laws already out there, and none of the proposals would have stopped any of the recent tragedies.  We at Guns Save Life opposed Manchin-Toomey, for good reason.

2. Did you feel that the Grassley-Cruz gun bill, which included tougher laws on illegal gun trafficking, straw purchases, and aimed to increase efforts to keep guns out of the hands of the mentally ill and keep schools safe was a better alternative?

I don't know enough about Grassley-Cruz to comment on that one, but my above generalization stands.  The proposed new "solutions" generally result in lots of "unintended" consequences, most of which affect law abiding gun owners and citizens negatively, and none of which solve anything; they just result in more demands to close more "loopholes".

3. Do you think that maybe what is truly needed is to simply keep guns out of the hands of those who should not have access to them (e.g. the mentally ill)  rather than make it tougher for law-abiding citizens to purchase firearms?

What is truly needed is to allow law-abiding citizens to own, possess, and carry with them the means of self defense.  In the case of Newtown, murder was already against the law.  The murderer had already been denied a gun purchase, so he murdered his mother, stole her legally purchased and possessed firearms, and used them to commit murder.  What would have made a difference that day was an armed, trained adult at that school, willing to engage the murderer before he got to the classrooms.  We protect our politicians, celebrities, bank deposits, and jewelry with guns.  Why don't we protect our most precious possessions – our children – with the same fervor?

4. What are some of the accomplishments of Guns Save Life?

Guns Save Life has educated thousands of people in Illinois and around the nation about the very real good guns do.  Yes, criminals use guns to take thousands of lives a year.  But regular folks use guns each year to SAVE hundreds of thousands of lives (see the research of Gary Kleck and John Lott, for example).

We print and distribute 15,000 copies or more of GunNews each month, host a popular informational website, hold well attended public meetings monthly, sponsor shooting events and youth camps that have trained thousands of children and adults over the years in the safe handling and enjoyment of firearms.  We have put up dozens of Burma-Shave style slogans along major highways, getting the pro-civil rights message out there to millions of Americans that might otherwise never come to our meetings or visit our website.  We have sponsored, with other pro-gun rights groups, lobby days in the Illinois State Capital that have drawn 8,000 or more to Springfield, on their own dime and on their own time on a weekday, to lobby their legislators for the right to carry and against onerous restrictions.

And we have fun doing it.

5. What are some of the future plans of Guns Save Life?

We will keep spreading the word that guns do indeed save life.  We are expanding our monthly meetings to more cities, and our membership is growing.  We will keep advocating for a good right to carry law here in the last unarmed state.  And when we get that law, it will, like all laws, be full of compromises and unpalatable elements.  And we will keep coming back to the statehouse to fix that law; to make it easier for regular citizens to take advantage of their human right of self defense.  We will expand our efforts to provide training, education, and fun shooting activities so that people can enjoy their rights.

For more information on Guns Save Life, please visit their page. For more information on gun laws and news, please visit our Gun Laws Page.


Interviewed with John Naese of Guns Save Life, Philo, Illinois