The gun laws which have been passed in the United States turn on the interpretation of the Second Amendment to the Constitution, which has commonly been interpreted as providing for the ability of Americans to keep and bear arms. The gun law system of the United States has also been influenced, however, by the ability of various states, as well as other areas such as the District of Columbia, to pass their own restrictions on allowable gun ownership.
The most prominent gun ban in recent American legislative history has been the passage of the Federal Assault Weapons Ban, as began in 1994 and lasted until 2004. Conservative criticism of the Democratic Presidential nominee Barack Obama was noted for the claim of a planned “Obama’s gun ban” upon his entry into office. The ability to pass gun ban legislation has been limited in the 2010s, however, by the conservative leaning Supreme Court led by Justice John Roberts.
Rates of gun violence in the United States, as well as notable instances of guns being used, either against public figures or in notably horrific and well-publicized instances, have been used as tools in arguments against the ability to possess firearms at the rates currently allowed for the government. Gun violence statistics may therefore be disputed so as to to score rhetorical points against positions opposed by the speaker, and possibly both for and against gun control legislation.
An arms dealer can either act individually or as a part of a larger company involved in the act of brokering and effecting arms sales, which can take place, as in some cases, on the scale of sales made to military organizations, and in other cases to private individuals. An arms dealer might also choose to act either within the law or to violate legal and regulatory requirements in selling illegal kinds of weapons or to prohibited partners.
Assault weapons ban
The Assault Weapons Ban lasted from 1994 to 2004, according to the conditions under which the legislation was passed. When the time came up for its renewal, the conservative administration of President George W. Bush declined to renew the Assault Weapon Ban. The Assault Weapons Ban was passed in the larger context of the package of legislation referred to as the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act, and adopted a specific understanding of what assault weapons constituted.
Gunsmithing is a profession which is involved with the creation of firearms. Gunsmith jobs as such can be secured in a number of different, possible settings as might be feasible for the individual in question, and could include both individual practices and positions with large organizations such as the United States military or an armaments company. Gunsmithing licensure takes place in the legal context of the Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms Bureau.
Gun laws by state
Gun laws by state can vary greatly in comparison to the overall federal statutes passed toward the end of allowing the government as a whole to regulate gun ownership and usage. State gun laws often, though not invariably, refer to the language contained in the Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, as provides for the basic right on the part of Americans to keep and bear firearms, removed of historical context.
Gun safety is one consideration typically taken in regard to the ability to keep and bear firearms. As such, the National Rifle Association, though currently better known as an advocacy arm for the arms industry and for decreased regulation of firearm possession and usage, originated as a means for providing for the education of individuals in the various points observed for gun safety. Firearms expert Jeff Cooper has issued “Four Rules” for the same reason.
Federal firearms license
The Federal Firearms License laws in place provide for a degree of variability in the ability to secure and then keep firearms, as typically depend on the statutes passed by the state legislature. A federal firearms license, or FFL, requires typically more rigorous testing for registration than with state gun licenses, and was accordingly influenced by legislation like the Gun Control Act of 1968 and Brady Handgun Violence Protection Act of 1993.